Engineering is the use of science as well as mathematics to design, create, maintain, and improve upon a wide range of things, with examples including but not limited to machines, materials, systems, and structures. As a result, there are different kinds of engineering, each of which can see significant differences from its counterparts. In fact, there are said to be literally over 200 types of engineering in the world. However, here are some of the more common kinds of engineering that most of us have seen or experienced.
Computer engineering is a far-ranging field. After all, some computer engineers specialize in hardware, whereas other computer engineers specialize in software. On top of this, there are plenty of computer engineers who specialize in computer networks, which is another field that calls for a very different set of skills.
Environmental engineering is a kind of civil engineering. Sometimes, it is used to make improvements upon existing environments. Other times, it is used to provide them with a measure of protection. Examples of environment engineering range from ecological engineering, which is focused on entire ecosystems, to wastewater engineering, which is focused on handling rainwater, blackwater, graywater, and even the water that is used for irrigation purposes.
Materials engineering involves materials as well as their potential uses in various fields of engineering. As a result, materials engineering can be further divided based on their particular specialties. Some specialize in metals. Others will specialize in materials such as ceramics, crystals, and even biomaterials, meaning materials that have been engineered to interact with biological tissues for medical purposes.
Mining engineering is focused on extracting minerals from natural deposits from start to finish. As a result, it is concerned with the process of finding said deposits, studying whether the deposits are actually economically viable, making it possible to extract the minerals, and even processing the minerals so that they can be made ready for use. Due to this, mining engineering has a lot of overlap with other fields such as geotechnical engineering. In particular, it is worth noting that mining engineering has a strong connection with environmental engineering, seeing as how mining operations can have a horrendous impact on their surroundings, particularly when mistakes have been made in regards to the mitigation efforts.
Nanoengineering is focused on the integration of nanotech into existing fields of engineering. For example, nanosensors have been made possible by the integration of nanotech into instrumentation engineering. Likewise, nanomaterials have been made possible by the integration of nanotech into materials engineering. Summed up, nanoengineering has a lot of potential that is gradually being realized bit by bit in various fields simultaneously.
The sports equipment that athletes use can have a significant effect on their performance. However, since sports equipment covers everything from the shoes that basketball players wear to the sticks that hockey players wield, sports engineering isn’t particularly focused but instead encompasses many smaller specialties within it.
Generally speaking, thermal engineering is concerned with either the heating or the cooling of things. As a result, anything that has to do with refrigeration falls under this particular category. Likewise, anything that has to be do with heating homes and other buildings is included in this particular branch of engineering as well.
Transport engineers are interested in getting goods as well as people from one place to another. Generally speaking, they have two important priorities, which are actually connected to one another. First, they want to make sure that the transportation process is as efficient as possible. Second, they want to make sure that the transportation process as safe as it can be by reasonable standards of judgment. As for how the two are connected, well, suffice to say that accidents in transportation systems tend to have a huge disruptive effect on them.
Speaking of which, vehicle engineers would be the ones responsible for vehicles of all sorts. For a lot of people, chances are good that car engineers are the ones who come to mind first, seeing as how cars are the most common vehicles that they will come upon. However, vehicle engineering is also responsible for everything from boats to aircraft and spacecraft. For that matter, vehicle engineering is even the field that covers marine structures, with oil rigs being an excellent example.